Clinoforms In Melas Chasma

Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

April 11, 2017 – In this image from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a group of steeply inclined light-toned layers is bounded above and below by unconformities (sudden or irregular changes from one deposit to another) that indicate a “break” where erosion of pre-existing layers was taking place at a higher rate than deposition of new materials.

The layered deposits in Melas Basin may have been deposited during the growth of a delta complex. This depositional sequence likely represents a period where materials were being deposited on the floor of a lake or running river.

This is a stereo pair with PSP_007878_1700.

The map is projected here at a scale of 25 centimeters (9.8 inches) per pixel. [The original image scale is 28.9 centimeters (11.4 inches) per pixel (with 1 x 1 binning); objects on the order of 87 centimeters (34.2 inches) across are resolved.] North is up.

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Littleton, Colorado.The University of Arizona, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colorado. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington.